100% Gaussian and 100% Lorentzian
Examples of 100% Gaussian and 100% Lorentzian peak-shapes used to Peak-fit O (1s) signal
Lorentzian (from Wikipedia)
A Lorentzian peak shape function can be represented as
where L signifies a Lorentzian function standardized, for spectroscopic purposes, to a maximum value of 1;[note 1] is a subsidiary variable defined as
where p0 is the position of the maximum (corresponding to the transition energy E), p is a position, and w is the full width at half maximum(FWHM), the width of the curve when the intensity is half the maximum intensity (this occurs at the points p = p0±w/2). The unit of p0, p and w is typically wavenumber or frequency. The variable x is dimensionless and is zero at p=p0.
Gaussian (from Wikipedia)
The Gaussian peak shape has the standardized form,
The subsidiary variable, x, is defined in the same way as for a Lorentzian shape. Both this function and the Lorentzian have a maximum value of 1 at x = 0 and a value of 1/2 at x=±1.
Voigt (from Wikipedia)
The third peak shape that has a theoretical basis is the Voigt function, a convolution of a Gaussian and a Lorentzian,
where σ and γ are half-widths. The computation of a Voigt function and its derivatives are more complicated than a Gaussian or Lorentzian.