Physics of XPS
” X-rays IN – Electrons OUT “
XPS gives information (data) from the top 1-10 nm (0.01 um) of the surface of a solid sample.
XPS uses the Photoelectric Effect
The Photoelectric Effect produces Photoelectrons
The Photoelectrons produce XPS Spectra
A Schematic View of the Photoelectric Effect and
the Photoelectrons that Escape into the Vacuum of the XPS Instrument
How are Monochromatic X-rays Produced?